(28 May 2018) – 3.8% of EU citizens of working age (20-64) were residing in another Member State than that of their citizenship in 2017. This share has increased from 2.5% ten years ago. The situation varies among Member States, ranging from 1.0% for working age citizens of Germany to 19.7% for citizens of Romania.
Tertiary graduates are generally more mobile than the rest of the population. 32.4% of mobile EU citizens have tertiary education, while the share for the entire EU population is 30.1%.
The employment rate of mobile EU citizens is also higher than that of the entire population: 76.1%, compared with the total EU employment rate of 72.1%.
In 2017, Romanian nationals of working age (20-64) residing abroad within the EU accounted for about a fifth (19.7%) of their co-nationals residing in Romania. The next largest shares were recorded by Lithuania (15.0%), Croatia (14.0%), Portugal (13.9%), Latvia (12.9%) and Bulgaria (12.5%).
The EU Member States with the smallest share of mobile nationals (out of the total-country population) are Germany (1.0%), the United Kingdom (1.1%), Sweden and France (both 1.3%).